Greek Island Declares Independence From Ottoman Empire
Icaria is a Greek island in the Aegean Sea which derives its name from Icarus, the son of Daedalus in Greek mythology, who fell into the sea nearby. During the Crusades, the Knights of St John exerted some control over the island until 1521 when the Ottoman Empire conquered Icaria and made it part of Ottoman Greece. The Ikarians hanged the first Turkish tax collector. Without a port, the island was cut off from the rest of Greece. Icaria had no exports and there inhabitants lived is small fortified farms, admitted no strangers and strictly married among themselves. In 1827 during the Greek War of Independence Icaria broke away from the Ottoman Empire but was forced to accept Turkish rule once more a few years later.
On July 17, 1912 the Icarians expelled a Turkish garrison and thereby achieved independence. The Free State of Icaria was declared and neighboring islands of Fournoi Korseon were also liberated and became part of the Free State. Ioannis Malachias was declared president.