Alaska Becomes A US Territory
US Territories are areas of land overseen directly by the federal government of the United States but not any part of a US state. From 1789 to 1912, 29 territories applied for and achieved statehood. In 1912 the US controls Puerto Rico, Guam, Hawaii and Alaska.
The US bought the area known as Alaska from Russia in 1867. The Russians had colonized it from the late 1700’s. Alaska was loosely governed by the military initially and was administered as the District of Alaska starting in 1884 with a governor appointed by the president of the United States as well as a district court headquartered in Sitka. Gold rushes in Alaska and the nearby Yukon Territory brought thousands of miners and settlers to the area. With a larger population, need for a more established form of government became necessary.
On July 24, 1912 the US Senate approved creation of a territorial legislature for Alaska.