100 Years Ago Today

A History Of Events And Happenings From Exactly One Hundred Years Ago

Archive for the month “August, 2012”

Japanese Training Ship In California

Ralph P Stineman was born near Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania in 1871. He moved to San Diego, California in 1900 and started operating a photo gallery. In 1910, he opened a photographer’s office in the Timken Building.

On August 31, 1912 Stineman photographed the Japanese training ship TAI SEI MARU stopped at San Diego with 112 sea cadets on a round-the-world cruise.

Developing San Diego – The Images of Ralph P Stineman
San Diego History Center : http://www.sandiegohistory.org/journal/97spring/stineman.htm

Japanese training vessel TAI SEI MARU in San Diego, California
August 31, 1912

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School Photo

Classroom inside the Woodward School at Moonshine Hill – Humble, Texas

from Report of Harris County Schools for the Year Ending August 31, 1912.

Texas Ancestry Search :http://texasancestrysearch.com/wordpress/?p=99

Woodward School at Moonshine Hill
Humble, Texas
1912

Issued August 31, 1912

SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN
August 31, 1912

 

THE CAVALIER
August 31, 1912

President Taft golfing from a rock labeled “Constitution”

“Come one, come all!!! This rock shall fly
From it’s firm base as sound as I.”

HARPER’S WEEKLY
August 31, 1912

 

 

American Mormons Must Leave Mexico

The Mormon Church has been proselytizing in Mexico since 1875. In 1882 the Edmunds Act outlawing polygamy in the US was passed US Congress making the practice of plural marriage a felony.  Over 1,000 polygamists were fined and/or jailed. In the Sierra mountains in Chihuahua in Northern Mexico, Mormon polygamist colonies were set up to avoid US laws to practice multiple marriage and be left in peace.

Junius Romney became president of the Juarez colony in 1908. When the Mexican Revolution occurred in 1911, the Mormons tried to stay neutral and were left alone, promised safety by the rebels. When President Taft ordered all American living in Mexico to leave in March 1912, resentment by rebel forces threatened the safety of the colonies. In July 1912 Junius Romney met with rebel general Jose Inez Salazar and was told that all guarantees of safety were lifted and that the Mormons must deliver up their arms. “If your guns and ammunition is not delivered to us, we will attack you. We will consider you as our enemy and declare war on you.” In July 1912 Junius Romney directed that the polygamist colonists in Mexico would flee to the US. 4 colonies consisting of over 4,000 men, women and children crossed over into Texas heading for El Paso.On August 30, 1912 Rebel General Salazar made good his threat and began a campaign of forcing American residents to leave Mexico, ordering the residents of the American Mormon settlement in Colonia Morelos, in the State of Sonora, to leave the country within two weeks.

American Mormons Flee Mexico by train – 1912

On The Campaign Trail With Teddy Roosevelt

Ex-president Theodore Roosevelt is on a second day’s stumping tour of Vermont. Roosevelt traveled 150 miles over the road in an automobile proclaiming the doctrines of the Progressive party. He made speeches and his day’s work lasted from 9 o’clock in the morning until midnight with a big fair at Morrisville, a smaller gathering at Barton and an evening at St Johnsbury. At Morrisville he complimented the state leaders on the brand of weather which had been obtained for his tour. At St Johnsbury Roosevelt made a speech about woman suffrage and marriage :

” I think the highest life, the ideal life, is the married life. But there are both unmarried men and unmarried women who perform service of the utmost consequence to the whole people; and it is equally foolish and wicked for a man to slur the unmarried woman when he would not dream of slurring the unmarried man.”

Theodore Roosevelt speaking in Morrisville, Vermont
August 30, 1912

Fatal Head-On Train Collision In Washington

When trains are using a single rail line, they pass each other by one train pulling off to a siding to let the other train pass. It is important to stick to schedules and make a positive identification of the train that is supposed to be passed.

On August 30, 1912 there was a collision on the Northern Pacific Railway near Hot Springs, Washington which resulted in the death of 2 enginemen, 1 fireman and the injury of 45 passengers and 7 employees. It was dark and raining. East-bound passenger train No. 6 was en route from Tacoma, Washington to St. Paul, Minnesota. West-bound extra freight train No. 1599 was bound from Ellensburg to Seattle, Washington. The trains were told they would meet at Maywood. When engine No. 6 arrived at the siding at Maywood, they saw an engine which they assumed was No. 1599. It was another train pulled up to rest. Assuming the track was clear, No. 6 proceeded. The 2 trains collided head-on going 25mph.

Washington train at depot
Everett, Washington

Postmarked August 30, 1912

Breaker Boys were used in the coal mines to separate slate rock from the coal after it had been brought out of the shaft. They often worked 14 to 16 hours a day and are used as an example of the cruelty of child labor.

Postcard postmarked August 30, 1912 from Hazleton, Pennsylvania

Breaker Boys at the Kehley Run Colliery
Shenandoah, Pennsylvania

Poetess Discovered In Maine

Edna St Vincent Millay was born in Rockland, Maine in 1892. Her mother divorced and moved from town to town in poverty with Millay and her 3 sisters. The family finally settled in a small house in Maine on the property of an aunt. Millay always had literature around her and started writing poems. At Camden High School she wrote for the school’s literary magazine. Millay won the St Nicholas Gold Badge for poetry and published her poetry in the popular children’s magazine St Nicholas, the Camden Herald, and Current Literature. In 1912 Millay is working at the Whitehall Inn in Camden as a waitress.

On August 29, 1912 Edna St Vincent Millay attended a staff party at Whitehall Inn where she and her sister both sang, danced, and won prizes for best costume and dancer. She was reading a long poem she had written “Renascence” when she was heard by a guest Caroline B Dow of New York City, the executive secretary of the YWCA’s national training school of New York. She is impressed with Millay’s talent and is moved to help the young girl if she can, perhaps getting her into a good college.

Edna St Vincent Millay

Oil Tanker Launched In Pennsylvania

The SS GULFOIL was the first American oil tanker built using the British design system of longitudinal framing, which allowed for the hull to better withstand the demands of heavy cargo.

 It was built by the New York Shipbuilding Corporation, Camden, New Jersey.

On August 29, 1912 the SS Gulfoil was launched from the Delaware Valley Shipyards, Pennsylvania.

Wonderful website – Ladies Who Launch :http://www.phillyseaport.org/web_exhibits/ladies_who_launch/records/uss_sonoma_1912.html

Unidentified sponsor, SS Gulfoil,
August 29, 1912

Summer Balloon Race In Colorado

Native Americans of various tribes visited the rock formations near Pikes Peak, Colorado. Part of the Ute Trail went through it and Ute petroglyphs have been found there. In August 1859 two surveyors were exploring the nearby areas around Colorado Springs, Colorado. They discovered a site with striking rock formations. One of the surveyors commented that it would be a “capital place for a beer garden.” His companion exclaimed, “Beer Garden! Why it is a fit place for the gods to assemble. We will call it the Garden of the Gods.”

The Utes were forced on reservations in Utah and southern Colorado. In 1911 the citizens of Colorado Springs invited the Utes back to celebrate Shan Kive. The Shan Kive was said to have originally been a celebration held by victorious Indians in the Garden. Loosely translated it means “Big Fun” in Ute. Colorado Springs hoped to lure tourists to the area in an attempt to relieve a depressed economy. It was all part of the The Pikes Peak Region Summer Carnival.

The 1912 Pikes Peak Region Summer Carnival was citywide with parades, a balloon race, fireworks, and a masked ball. The visiting Utes posed for many photographs and held special tribal dances. The festivities attracted over 7,000 spectators.

On August 29, 1912 the Pikes Peak Region Summer Carnival featured a balloon race between 3 balloonists – the Uncle Sam, the Kansas City II and the Colorado Springs. They were attempting to cross the Rocky mountains but the contrary air currents caused by the proximity of the mountains made the crossing impossible. The Kansas City II John Watts pilot won the race landing at Jalia, Colorado, the balloon Uncle Sam Captain Honeywell pilot landed at Perry Corner and the Colorado Springs came down at Palmer Lake.

Balloon races of the Pikes Peak Region Summer Carnival
August 29, 1912

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