Greece and Bulgaria Strengthen Their Military Alliance
The Ottoman Empire is called “The Sick Man Of Europe”. It has increasingly fallen under the financial control of Europeans and has lost European territory in a series of disastrous wars. Nationalism has swept through many of its European territories and the Ottoman government itself had struggled with attempts at a more Western constitutional style government as it had in 1876. The Second Constitutional Era began after the Young Turk Revolution in July 1908 with the restoration of the 1876 constitution and the reconvening of the Ottoman Parliament. Ottoman politics is now dominated by the Committee of Union and Progress and the reform movement known as the Young Turks. The aging Sultan Mehmed V is put on the throne in April 1909 but he is largely a figurehead with no real political power.
On September 22, 1912 Greece and Bulgaria strengthened their defense alliance with details for conditions and procedures for mobilization of their armed forces. These developments are heating up the Balkans and creating an atmosphere of war against the Ottoman Empire.