Anarchist Kills Spanish Prime Minister
José Canalejas was born in July 1854 in Ferrol, Spain. He earned a PhD in Literature before becoming involved in politics. He became minister of justice in 1888 and finance from 1894 to 1895. He served as president of the chamber and became Prime Minister and chief of the Liberal party in 1910. Canalejas was a moderate who introduced electoral reforms, attempted to curtail Catholic educational clericalism without threatening the Catholic Church and to turn Spain into a true democracy. Spain was beset with radical unrest which culminated in a bloody uprising in Barcelona in 1909.