European Powers Make Moves In The Balkans
The deteriorating power of the Ottoman Empire has resulted in losing possessions in Northern Africa to Italy and losing several battles in the on-going Balkan War. In October 1912 the Serbian Army defeated the Ottoman army in Vardar Macedonia which suffered heavy losses in manpower and in war materiel. When the Ottoman forces abandonedMacedonia, Serbia stood to double in size and along with Montenegro gain access to the Adriatic Sea.
On November 22, 1912 Germany’s Kaiser Wilhelm II promised Austria that Germany would back up Austria-Hungary in a war. Serbian forces had reached the Adriatic Sea at Alessio so on the same day Austria-Hungary mobilized 3 army corps along the Russian border near Serbia to check any military support Russia might offer Serbia or Montenegro.