100 Years Ago Today

A History Of Events And Happenings From Exactly One Hundred Years Ago

Archive for the month “December, 2012”

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Issued December 14, 1912

SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN Supplement
December 14, 1912

Whaling Expedition In Korea
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Charles Dana Gibson was born in Roxbury, Massachusetts in September 1867. He was enrolled by his parents in New York’s Art Students League and sold his first illustration to LIFE magazine in 1886.He quickly became popular and contributed to every major New York publication such as Harper’s Weekly, Scribners and Collier’s as well as major newspapers. In 1890 he began developing “The Gibson Girl”, an iconic female face and figure that typified the style of women at the time based on his wife Irene Langhorne and her sister.

On December 14, 1912 Gibson drew the cover art for COLLIER’S FOR CHRISTMAS.

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Postmarked December 13, 1912

To : Robert Ryan Richmond
410 Raudolph Street

Centerville, Indiana
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Schoolhouse Burns In Colorado

In 1882 Captain George A Crawford passed through an area of Colorado that had just been opened to settlement by immigrants. The post office was established in 1883 and given the name Crawford. The school house was built in 1906.

On December 12, 1912 a fire started in the west chimney of the school and spread destroying the roof to nothing and blackening the stone exterior, flames licking out of the dozens of windows. A bucket brigade was formed by the size of the fire and structure was too formidable.
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The Crawford School Fire
Crawford, Colorado
December 12, 1912

Issued December 12, 1912

Charles Clyde Squires was born in August 1882 in Salt Lake City, Utah. His uncle was a landscape painter and at age 13 he was apprenticed to an engraving company. His art was published in the DESERET NEWS in 1898 and in 1900 he went to New York City to study at the New York School of Art. In October 1905 he studied with Howard Pyle. Pyle sent him to the offices of Life with a letter of introduction and suggestion that they publish his drawings. In 1906 his work began to be published in popular nationwide magazines, such as Life and Everybody’s Magazine, after which he appeared in Judge, Success, Woman’s Home Companion, and St. Nicholas Magazine.

On December 12, 1912 LIFE magazine used Squires painting of a nighttime winter scene showing horse waiting at hitching rail while young man visits his girl.
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“They Also Serve Who Only Stand And Wait”
LIFE magazine
December 12, 1912
cover art by C Clyde Squires

Issued December 11, 1912

PUCK magazine was founded by Joseph Ferdinand Keppler in St. Louis in March 1871 as a German/English publication. The first English language edition was published in New York City in March 1877.

Artists and writers from PUCK started their own magazine JUDGE in 1881. By 1912 it has a circulation of over 100,000. It is one of the US first successful humor magazines of colorful cartoons, caricatures and political satire of the issues of the day.Will Crawford was born in 1869 in Washington, DC. He drew humorous cover art for such magazines as Puck and Life as well as illustrations for humorous stories in the major magazines of the day: The Century, Everybody’s, McClure’s, Scribner’s and Leslie’s Weekly.On December 11, 1912 Crawford offered a different view of Christmas on the cover of PUCK magazine.

"Hands Up - As Santa Looks To Some Of Us"

“Hands Up – As Santa Looks To Some Of Us”

Postmarked December 11, 1912

Christmas Postcard sent December 11, 1912
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Last Ottoman Forces Leave Northern Africa

The Italian-Turkish War ended in October 1912. What started as a conflict of territory in Northern Africa became a wider conflict that highlighted the weakness of the Ottoman Empire and encouraged nations in the Balkans to start the Balkan War.

https://100yearsagotoday.wordpress.com/2012/10/18/the-italian-turkish-war-ends/On December 10, 1912 the last Ottoman troops left Tripoli completing its surrender of the Libyan territory to Italy.

Ottomans surrender to Italy in Libya 1912

Ottomans surrender to Italy in Libya
1912

Austria-Hungary Prepares For European War

A War Council convened in Germany in anticipation of an all-out European war brought on by the conflict in the Balkans.

https://100yearsagotoday.wordpress.com/2012/12/08/war-council-convenes-in-germany/On December 10, 1912 the Austria-Hungary issued a general mobilization to all of its military men and reservists all over the world in anticipation of war in Europe.

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Austrian-Hungarian troops
1912

First Torpedo Launched From A Submarine

Submarines were conceive in the mid-19th century and primitive models saw battle during the US Civil War. By the turn of the century navies around the world were developing or buying self-powered steam and combustible submarines for their naval fleets. The Holland submersibles built by Irish designer John Philip Holland in 1900 were put into service by the navies of Great Britain, Japan, Russia, and the United States. Several of each of them were retained in both the Imperial Russian and Japanese Navies during the Russo-Japanese War in 1904-1905.

In 1910 Greece ordered a submarine built in France. The DELFIN was constructed in the Toulon shipyards along with its sister ship, XIFIAS. Its first captain together with the 17-man crew were sent to France to receive their training. It was delivered to the Royal Hellenic Navy in France just before the outbreak of the First Balkan War. The DELFIN was ordered home and it sailed from Toulon to Corfu, Greece in October 1912. This unescorted, non-stop journey of 1,100 miles set a world record. In November 1912 the DELFIN began patrolling outside the Dardanelles.On December 9, 1912 the DELFIN encountered the Ottoman light cruiser MECIDIYE sailing out of the Dardanelles on a scouting mission. The DELFIN launched a torpedo against MECIDIYE from a distance of 800 meters. The torpedo broke surface and passed by the ship failing to hit it. This is the first recorded launch of a torpedo in battle.

The Ottoman cruiser MECIDIYE

The Ottoman cruiser MECIDIYE

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