100 Years Ago Today

A History Of Events And Happenings From Exactly One Hundred Years Ago

Archive for the month “February, 2015”

Italian Futurist Publishes Self-Portrait


Corrado Govoni was born in Tamara, Ferrara, Italy in 1884. He published his first volume of poems in 1903. He wrote for various publications and was drawn to Futurism, an artistic philosophy started in Italy that look at the technological developments of the 20th century as a beacon of the future :

“Comrades! We declare that the triumphant progress of science has led to changes in humanity so deep, to dig an abyss between the docile slaves of the past and we are free, we are sure of the radiant magnificence of the future … ”
(From the Manifesto of Futurist Painters, February 1910 )

On February 28, 1915 a self-portrait in ink and words was published titled “Autoritratto: Rarefazione di Govoni” [Self-Portrait: Rarefaction of Govoni]. In Lacerba 3, no. 9


Published February 28, 1915


Sunday Magazine of the Minneapolis Journal

February 28, 1915

What The British Soldier Bears To The Firing-Line

The Illustrated London News, the world’s first illustrated weekly news magazine, began in May 1842 by Herbert Ingram. By 1863 it was the largest magazine in England selling 300,000 per issue when Herbert’s sons – Charles and William took over, growing the circulation and starting several spin-offs of the publication. Photographic and printing techniques were advancing and The Illustrated London News began to introduce photos as well as artwork into its depictions of weekly events. From about 1890 onward The Illustrated London News made increasing use of photography. In 1900 the next generation of Ingrams took over when Bruce Ingram took the helm. With the advent of War in August 1914, The London Illustrated News printed articles about the conflict.

On February 27, 1915 The London Illustrated News printed a double page article with 7 photographs – “Guaranteeing Efficiency and Comfort: What the British Soldier Bears to the Firing-Line.”

In the haversack : Knife fork spoon and mug, grocery rations, bully beef, biscuits and meat lozenges. In pockets Gloves, purse, penknife, pencil, compass, nail scissors, roll book, tinder lighter, cigarettes, tobacco, handkerchief, pipes.


In Knapsack: housewife(sewing repair kit) balaclava helmet, towel, mess tins, socks and holdall. Equipment: braces, right ammunition pouches, entrenching tool, rifle, bayonet, water bottle, straps, pull-through, left ammunition pouches.


On Person: Braces , belt, socks, vest, shirt, tunic, trousers, cardigan, puttees, service cap, muffler, underpants, body-belt, boots, overcoat and identity disc.


The entire article : http://longstreet.typepad.com/…/things-they-took-to-war-191…

Postmarked February 27, 1915

Coote’s Paradise inear Hamilton, Ontario, Canada was renamed Dundas by the Lieutenant Governor of Upper Canada, for his friend Henry Dundas, a Scottish lawyer and politician who never visited North America.

On February 27, 1915 a postcard was sent from Dundas featuring the local stone quarry.


Issued February 27, 1915

SATURDAY EVENING POST – cover art by Z P Nikolai

Saturday Evening Post - February 27, 1915

Saturday Evening Post – February 27, 1915

New Billiards Parlor In England

Willie Smith was born near Darlington, England in 1886. His father was a local sports editor and when the family took over a saloon, Willie’s talent first showed itself. He worked as a an apprentice Linotype operator by night he and was playing billiards by night. His big break came in September 1911 when he defeated the renowned Australian cueist George Gray in a match at Stockton.


On February 26, 1915 Smith opened a billiard parlor in Darlington that promised to be an establishment for professional billiards players who want the best, a “handsome” hall which had been built by Blacketts the builders: “There is every convenience the billiard player can have.”



Issued February 25, 1915

LIFE magazine Volume 65 No, 1687
“It’s A Long Way To Tipperary” by Power O’Malley

“It’s a Long Way to Tipperary” is a British music hall song written by Jack Judge first performed in January 1912. In the beginning of the war in Europe, the Irish regiment the Connaught Rangers singing this song as they marched through Boulogne in August 1914. The song was quickly picked up by other units of the British Army. In November 1914 it was recorded by the well-known tenor John McCormack.



Michael Augustine Power was born in Ireland in January 1877. Upon the death of his father, his mother married and he took the name O’Malley in honor of his much loved stepfather. The family moved to Dublin where he studied at The Metropolitan School of Art. He emigrated to New York at the turn of the 20th century and did book illustrations and covers for Life, The Literary Digest, Harper’s and Puck.

On February 25, 1915 LIFE magazine was issued with cover art by Power O’Malley – “It’s A Long Way To Tipperary” showing soldiers reminiscing with visions of Home.


Recorded February 24, 1915

Irving Berlin was born Israel Beilin in May 1888 in Russia. His family emigrated to the US in 1893. They lived in poverty in New York’s lower east side and Berlin worked whatever jobs he could to contribute to the family. He would sing in saloons for pennies and by 18 he was a singing waiter. His first song was “Marie From Sunny Italy,” The sheet music was printed with an error on the cover, his name read “I Berlin”. Berlin has become a popular songwriter collaborating with many composers that were in New York. His first big hit was “Alexander’s Ragtime Band” which helped introduce Ragtime to white America and started a new dance craze. Berlin is a composer and lyricist in hot demand.

Irving Berlin - 1915

Irving Berlin – 1915

The first cylinder recordings by the Columbia Male Quartet were made in the late 1890s. By 1904, the group’s membership had solidified with Albert Campbell(tenor) and Henry Burr(tenor) as well as Steve Porter(baritone). As their popularity grew, The Peerless Quartet recorded with all the popular labels whenever they could. Their hits include “I Want A Girl (Just Like The Girl That Married Dear Old Dad)” and “Let Me Call You Sweetheart” (1911) and recently in reaction the the war in Europe “I Didn’t Raise My Boy To Be A Soldier(1914).”

The Peerless Quartet - 1915

The Peerless Quartet – 1915



On February 24, 1915 The Peerless Quartet went to the Victor Record studios to record “The Syncopated Walk” from the Broadway musical “Watch Your Step” with words and music by Irving Berlin.



Published February 24, 1915

Paul Cassirer was born in February 1871 in Gorlitz, Germany. He started out as a student of art history, and then became a writer in 1890s Munich, where he worked for the weekly magazine Simplicissimus. Cassirer moved to Berlin and opened an art gallery. In 1901 Cassirer visited Julien Leclercq’s retrospective of Van Gogh’s work, and later that year he organized the inclusion of five Van Gogh canvases in the May show of the Berlin Secession.

"I No Longer Know The Factions..." by Max Leibermann for KREIGZEIT Vol.1 No. 1 August 1914

“I No Longer Know The Factions…” by Max Leibermann for KREIGZEIT Vol.1 No. 1 August 1914

In August 1914, Paul Cassirer began publishing KREIGZEIT – War Time – a weekly four-page broadsheet of artistic responses to World War I. Most of the artists were affiliated with the Berlin Secession, the progressive exhibiting society that had frequently clashed with imperial art policies. But KREIGZET greeted the war with enthusiasm and has confidence in the military under Kaiser Wilhelm II in the righteousness of the German cause. Max Liebermann was featured on the cover for the first issue, depicting a mass surging in support of the Emperor’s declaration of war. Käthe Kollwitz’ contributed Das Bangen (Fear) in October 1914, showing an anxious-looking woman. Within a month Kollwitz would lose her own son, Peter killed in combat in November 1914, Contributions include portraits of military leaders, scenes of military victories, sanitized images of daily life as a soldier, and caricatures of the enemy. All proceeds benefited an organization supporting destitute artists.

"Das Bangen (Fear)" by Kathe Kollwitz  Kreigzet Vol 1 No. 10 October 1914

“Das Bangen (Fear)” by Kathe Kollwitz
Kreigzet Vol 1 No. 10 October 1914

On February 24, 1915 KREIGZEIT, No. 28, featured artwork on the inside back cover by Ernst Barlach, a German expressionist sculptor, print-maker and writer who captures the suffering of civilians in this drawing.

"Strassenecke in Warschau" by Ernst Barlack 1915  Kreigzet No. 28 - February 24, 1915

“Strassenecke in Warschau” by Ernst Barlack 1915
Kreigzet No. 28 – February 24, 1915

Cover art - Kreigzeit Vol 1 No 28 - February 24, 1915

Cover art – Kreigzeit Vol 1 No 28 – February 24, 1915

Nevada Enacts The First “Easy Divorce ” Laws

Until the late 19th century, Divorce in the United States was illegal in some states and shunned by most of society as a taboo subject of shame. To obtain a divorce involved many legal hurdles and often took years to accomplish.

On February 23, 1915, Nevada, already a state where gambling and prostitution operate legally is smaller towns, passed a divorce law that made divorce possible after only six months of residency in the state. It was the first divorce law in the United States that makes obtaining a divorce easy. Cities like Reno, Nevada are hoping they will be a tourist mecca for divorcing couples.

postcard of Reno, Nevada - 1915

postcard of Reno, Nevada – 1915

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