Ottoman Forces Defeated By Russian Offensive
The official Russian declaration of war to Ottoman Empire came on November 2, 1914. Since then, the Russians have been gaining advantage, capturing an entire army corp.
The Russians have been advancing through Turkish Armenia.
On February 1, 1915 in a surprise attack on the Turks near Erzerum, Russian forces crossed a mountain two miles in height during a raging blizzard (which served to conceal their movements and the noise of the army) and have captured a commanding general and the staff of the Thirtieth Turkish Division and a large quantity of war material. Also on this day a Russian squadron in the Black Sea bombarded the Turkish transports. Meanwhile, another Russian Army had encountered a Turkish force at Maraud, in the Turkish province of Azerbaijan. The Turks have fled in disorder, abandoning their cannon, standards, dead and wounded.