100 Years Ago Today

A History Of Events And Happenings From Exactly One Hundred Years Ago

Germans Continue Attack In Petrograd-Warsaw Area

Since the winter in October 1914, German Army Eastern Commander Paul von Hindenburg has attacked the Russian Army in direct assaults. In the Warsaw-Petrograd area the Germans attacks along the Bzura and Rawka rivers in December 1914 being repelled several times with heavy losses. But the Germans still press on their attack hoping to force Russia to protect Warsaw and thus diverting the Russian attacks on East Prussia and Hungary.

Savage stubborn fighting has taken place across the front. It was reported yesterday that a barrel bridge had been erected over the Rawka River and Russians used it to move troops before it was blown up. Survivors were shot, bayoneted or drown.

German observation  about a 40 miles south west from Warsaw, near the Rawka river - January 1915

German observation about a 40 miles south west from Warsaw, near the Rawka river – January 1915

On February 8, 1915 the Russians made a night attack and captured several piece of field artillery. The Russians hold the right side of the Rawka River which gives them a high-ground advantage. This assault has been raging for six weeks and the losses on both sides are heavy.

Meanwhile Tsar Nicholas II of Russia visited the Russian side of Warsaw. He writes in his diary :

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February 8, 1915

“We arrived at Warsaw at 12 noon in slush and sleet, and went straight to the Hotel Bristol, where I found a wire from Headquarters asking if I would object to taking with us on our trip Mr Stanley Washburn, The Times representative.

Then at 7.30 we dined at the Polish club, the Club des Chasseurs, and I sat next my old friend, M. -. He has lived a good deal in Germany – thinks that the G.’s will make a long and stubborn defense, but that political-economical disturbances – want of supplies – the gradual realization of an impossible military situation, and the terrible losses sustained by the army – may cause a collapse at any time. He told me the Russians were very short of munitions and that the Minister for War had paid a visit to Warsaw a month or more ago to see what he could do with the factories there in the way of increasing the ‘output,’ and that the answer was: “If you find the coal we’ll find the work”; but the Germans having burned many of the coal stores put an end to the proposal! ”

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