Ernest Henry Shackleton is an Anglo-Irish explorer who has launched three previous British expeditions to the Antarctic. During the first expedition 1901–1904, he and his companions Scott and Wilson set a new southern record. During the second expedition 1907–1909 he and three companions established a new record only 97 geographical miles from the South Pole, the largest advance to the pole in exploration history. Shackleton was knighted by King Edward VII on his return home from this expedition.
After the race to the South Pole was accomplished by Roald Amundsen in 1911, Shackleton turned his attention to the crossing of Antarctica from sea to sea, via the pole. Last year, he made preparations for what became the Imperial Trans-Antarctic Expedition. His ship, the ENDURANCE, departed from South Georgia for the Weddell Sea in December 1914, heading for Vahsel Bay. As the ship moves southward, ice has been encountered, which has slowed progress.
On January 12, 1915 the ENDURANCE is waiting for the ice to clear and have ventured out to explore. Photographer Frank Hurley took this picture of navigating officer Hubert Hudson with young Emperor penguin chicks.