100 Years Ago Today

A History Of Events And Happenings From Exactly One Hundred Years Ago

Archive for the category “Photo”

African American Boxer Weds In Illinois

Jack Johnson is an African American boxer who is reigning heavyweight champion. He is controversial because of his race and lifestyle.

https://100yearsagotoday.wordpress.com/2012/11/07/heavyweight-boxing-champion-indicted-in-illinois/

After failing to indict Johnson on abduction charges involving a young woman Lucille Cameron who had refused to testify againsthim, Jackson was indicted by a federal grand jury in Chicago for violation of the Mann Act for arranging for an old acquaintance (who now had a grudge) to travel with him. Jackson makes no apologies for his choice of companions or how he chooses to live his life.

On December 4, 1912 Jack Johnson shocked much of America and snubbed his nose at the authorities by marrying “outside his race” to Lucille Cameron at Johnson’s mother house in Chicago attended by white and colored guests. Outside, police kept over 1,000 spectators at bay. Johnson tried to protect Cameron’s privacy.

“I will not tell where she is now, where the ceremony will be performed or anything else about it. I don’t want Miss Cameron annoyed.”

The marriage has already sparked a heated debate on racially mixed marriages.

Wedding photograph of Jack Johnson and Lucille Cameron December 4, 1912

Wedding photograph of Jack Johnson and Lucille Cameron
December 4, 1912

Troops Celebrate Thanksgiving In Kansas

The 15th Cavalry Regiment the US Army is one of the Expansion Units originally established for the Spanish American War, formed in 1901 at the Presidio of San Francisco, California. That year the 15th Cavalry embarked for the Philippines to face fierce combat in the Philippine jungles against the Moros. The Regiment’s next action was part of the Cuban Pacification from 1906 to 1909. In 1912 they were stationed at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas.

On November 28, 1812 the 15th Calvary H troop gathered to celebrate Thanksgiving. Their mess hall is festooned with hundreds of yards of colored crepe paper streamers and the table is set with pies, a coconut cake, tortes, and what might be a congealed salad or aspic. Each soldier has a small glass of dark-colored liquid to his left (which might be wine or some sort of fruit juice) and dinner plates are turned upside down with soup bowls resting on top of them. Coffee mugs are down-turned and an apple has been placed on top of each mug. Huge stalks of celery spill out of gravy boats. A white-jacketed mess steward or cook stands at the back of the room.

Thanksgiving dinner
15th Calvary Troop H
November 28, 1912
Fort Leavenworth, Kansas

Children Gambling In Rhode Island

Lewis Hine was born in Oshkosh, Wisconsin in September 1874. He studied sociology at the University of Chicago, Columbia University and New York University and became a teacher in New York City at the Ethical Culture School. He used photography in his classes and realized the camera could be an effective tool for social change. In 1908 Hine became the photographer for the National Child Labor Committee documenting child labor in American industry. His photographs were instrumental in bringing about reforms to end child labor.

Selling newspapers was an important source of income for boys from low-income urban families. “Newsies” were the main distributors of newspapers to the general public from the mid-19th to the early 20th century in the United States. Many newsboys quit school and sold newspapers during the day. They were not employees of the newspapers but rather purchased the papers from the publishers and sold them as independent agents. Not allowed to return unsold papers, the newsboys typically earned around 30 cents a day and often worked until very late at night. Cries of “Extra, extra!” were often heard into the morning hours as newsboys attempted to hawk every last paper. Many of these boys were orphans who led a very hard life.

On November 23, 1912 Hine took a picture of newsboys gambling at midnight in Providence, Rhode Island.

“A midnight crap game in the street near the Post Office. One 12 years old, one 14. One had been shooting here a couple of hours.”
Photograph and caption by Lewis Hine
November 23, 1912

Wedding Photo

Fred Shults, brother of Charles and William Shults who live in Ross township, and Miss Emily Schnabel, second youngest daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Fred Schnabel, Sr., who live in Hobart, were quietly married Wednesday afternoon at Crown Point and are receiving the hearty congratulations of their many friends with whom the Gazette joins. The young couple will shortly go to housekeeping in the B.B. Bale residence near the Penna depot.

HOBART GAZETTE – Hobart, Indiana
(pronounced “ho-BERT”, not “ho-bart”)

Mr and Mrs Fred Shults
married November 20, 1912

Ainsworth, Indiana History blog :

http://ainsworthindiana.blogspot.com/

Recorded November 14, 1912

In the 1890s, Eldridge Reeves Johnson owned a small machine shop in Camden, New Jersey, when a customer brought in a Berliner phonograph. Unlike Edison talking machines, Berliner Gramophone Company used disc records instead of cylinders. The sound quality was bad and Johnson spent the next 6 years improving the sound and volume capacity. In 1901 Johnson’s Consolidated Talking Machine Company merged with Berliner’s Berliner Gramophone Company to form the Victor Talking Machine Company.

English painter Francis Barraud had a brother, Mark who passed away. When Mark Barraud died Francis inherited his brother fox terrier Nipper along with an Edison cylinder phonograph and a number of recordings of Mark’s voice. Nipper took particular interest in the recorded voice of his late master emanating from the trumpet of the inherited Edison-Bell cylinder phonograph. Barraud committed the scene to canvas “Dog looking at and listening to a Phonograph.”

Original “Dog looking at and listening to a Phonograph.”
by Francis Barraud

Barraud took his painting to Edison-Bell and offered to sell it. He was turned down after being told by an Edison executive that “Dogs don’t listen to phonographs.” He next approached the Gramophone Company and showed a photograph of his painting. The manager asked if he could introduce a machine of their own make, a Gramophone instead of the Edison cylinder pictured. Barraud replied he could make the alteration if they would let me have an instrument to paint from. Given a Gramophone Barraud painted out the cylinder machine, and then painted in a Berliner “Improved Gramophone” machine on top adding a brass horn to replace the dark horn. The new image was called “His Master’s Voice.”

Barraud’s modified painting “His Master’s Voice”

Victor recording studios used Victor staff conductor Walter B Rogers directing Victor’s own “house” orchestras, the Victor Orchestra for popular works and the Victor Concert Orchestra for “classical” music starting in 1907.

On November 14, 1912 the Victor Concert Orchestra was in the Victor Recording studios in Camden, New Jersey to record “Oh! Oh! Delphine” by Ivan Carryl

Oh! Oh! Delphine

Statue Of Chief Seattle Unveiled In Washington

On November 13, 1851 a group of Americans from Illinois landed at Alki Point jutting out into Puget Sound and started a settlement. The local chief was Seattle, a leader of the Duwamish tribe known as a warrior and a speaker. He traded goods with the Hudson Bay Company outpost near Olympia giving him early experience in dealing with whites. Throughout the Puget Sound wars against Native Americans, Seattle kept his people safe and out of the fight. The town respected him enough to give the city his name.

On November 13, 1912 known as Founders Day, a statue of Chief Seattle by James Wehn was dedicated with the great chief’s grand-daughter Myrtle Loughery doing the unveiling in Tilikum Place in downtown Seattle. Seattle is shown standing with one arm raised in greeting.

Unveiling of Chief Seattle statue in Tilikum Place
November 13, 1912

Wedding Photo

Anton Wikenheiser and Eva Baumgartner
Married November 11, 1912 – Strasburg, North Dakota

North Dakota State University
Germans from Russia Heritage Collection
http://library.ndsu.edu/grhc/history_culture/photo/baumgartner_photos7.html

Mr and Mrs Wikenheiser
Strasburg, North Dakota
married November 11, 1912

Great Lakes Steamer Launched In Michigan

The SS SEEANDBEE was the largest and mostly costly inland steamer on the Great Lakes. It was built by the Detroit Shipbuilding Company and owned by the Cleveland and Buffalo Transportation Company with plans to travel between Cleveland and Detroit with a passenger capacity of 1,500 passengers on 4 decks. The latest in fire detection and suppression has been built into the vessel by the Aero Fire Alarm Company, New York. The ship is equipped throughout with the Aero Automatic Fire Alarm System. Sprinklers have been installed.

On November 9, 1912 the SS SEEANDBEE was launched at Wyandotte, Michigan.

Before the launch

SS SEEANDBEE enters the waters of Lake Michigan
Wynadotte, Michigan
November 9, 1912

 

Wedding Photo

Henry Woltzen and Engelina Warnk
November 6, 1912

Clayton Township, Woodford County, Illinois

Woodford County Marriages and Births :http://www.illinoisancestors.org/woodford/marriages-e.htm

US Vice President Sherman Lies In State In New York

US vice president James S Sherman died in office less than a week before the US presidential elections where he hope to be re-elected as vice president.

https://100yearsagotoday.wordpress.com/2012/10/30/us-vice-president-sherman-dies-in-office/

On November 2, 1912 James S Sherman’s casket was placed to lie in state in the rotunda of the Utica Courthouse, Utica, New York where as many as 5,000 mourners filed by and 25,000 others paid their respects outside in the streets. The Army-Holy Cross football game at West Point was canceled due to the vice president’s death. President William Howard Taft summed up the nation’s feelings when he said: “Those who knew him loved him; those who knew the services he rendered to his country respected him.”

Mourners pay respect to vice president James Sherman
Utica, New York
November 2, 1912

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