From 1836 to 1914, over 30 million Europeans migrated to the United States. The peak year of European immigration was in 1907 when 1,285,349 persons entered the country. By 1912, 14 million immigrants were living in the United States. Ellis Island in Upper New York Bay has been the nation’s busiest immigrant inspection station since 1892. In 1911 637,003 immigrants came to the US from Italian, Jewish, Polish, German, English, Scandinavian and Irish backgrounds. 1912 rates are slightly lower but people from all over the world seek to become US citizens and escape poverty and oppression in the home countries.