The fight for the right of women to vote, Woman Suffrage, had made great strides in the November 1912 elections in the US.
Alice Paul was born in Mt Laurel Township, New Jersey in January 1885. Upon graduating college she went to Great Britain to work with the Women’s Social and Political Union fighting for women’s rights in Britain. After being arrested at a demonstration, Paul met Lucy Burns, an American from Brooklyn, New York who had been attending graduate school in Germany before joining the women’s rights struggle with British activist Emeline Pankhurst. Paul and Burns both lamented on the inactivity and ineffective leadership of the American suffrage movement.
Paul and Burns returned to the US in 1912 and joined the National American Woman Suffrage Association. Paul was appointed Chairwoman of their Congressional Committee where they organize a suffrage parade for President Wilson’s inauguration. Both women wanted to push for a constitutional amendment but the leaders of the NAWSA did not think it practical and wanted to work on a state by state basis. for the times. Paul and Burns thought otherwise.
On January 2, 1913 Alice Paul and Lucy Burns started the Congressional Union of the National American Women Suffrage Association, a separate committee that focused on passing an amendment to the US Constitution granting women the right to vote. They plan to lobby congressmen and make sure president Wilson keeps his promises made to the suffrage movement during the election. The NAWSA leadership is wary of this new group.