After intercepting telegraph messages that the White Star Lines wanted to send the surviving crew members of the RMS TITANIC back to Great Britain as soon as they landed in the US, Senator William Alden Smith of Michigan convened a Senate sub-committee to investigate the tragedy as soon as the rescue ship RMS CARPATHIA reached New York harbor.
In Great Britain, a week after the disaster President of the British Board of Trade requested the Lord Chancellor to appoint a Wreck Commissioner to investigate the disaster.
On July 30, 1912 after 36 days of testimony the British Wreck Commissioner’s Inquiry into the sinking of the RMS TITANIC turned in its final report into the circumstances attending the loss of the loss of 1,490 lives.
“The Court, having carefully inquired into the circumstances of the above mentioned shipping casualty, finds, for the reasons appearing in the annex hereto, that the loss of the said ship was due to collision with an iceberg, brought about by the excessive speed at which the ship was being navigated.”
The entire transcripts of the British Board of Trade Wreck Commission Inquiry :http://www.titanicinquiry.org/BOTInq/BOT01.php